The Integrated Command and Control System (ICCS) is a hierarchy of Information Technology elements integrated such as to supply commanders and battle troops with command and control data and information to support joint operations in the 21st Century Digital Battlespace.
The ICCS employs a hierarchy of digital radio communications links using standard UHF, VHF and HF radios, digital packet radio modems, as well as personal computer technology, thereby achieving a sophisticated, but flexible, user-friendly, integrated and affordable command and control system.
The ICCS provides for both vertical and horizontal integration, i.e. lines of command and control between fire units and command centres, as well as between operational units. This aids a Defence Force in early warning of enemy approach. Planning data is transferred digitally between different units thereby reducing the risk of misunderstanding or misinterpretation of data. The units use this information to enhance their own decisions and actions thereby shortening the time from detection to action.
21st Century Digital Battlespace
The commander at area level receives information from sensors, intelligence sources, own troop situation reports, etc. Information from sensors are correlated and fused with information received from other sensors either from different locations or from different types of sensors. These sensors could be Remotely Piloted Vehicles (RPVs), High Altitude Endurance (HAE) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), radars, satellites, etc. The information received is correlated with information received from the intelligence sources such as own agents, diplomatic sources, local population, etc. Information is presented in a graphical, cognitive manner rather than a textual format. The Human-Machine Interfaces (HMIs) utilise multimedia, hypermedia, simulation, animation, multidimensionality, etc. to achieve realistic visualisation of the battlespace.
Relevant data is transferred over the radio network down to the effectors. At each level local data is fused with the data received from the higher level. Data from lower levels are transferred upwards to the area level, then correlated and fused with data available at that level.
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ICCS Issue 3 2010-09-01